Peter and the Wolf
- a musical story by Sergei Prokofiev -

Welcome to my introduction on Peter and the Wolf.  It includes:1) background on Prokofiev [pruh-COFFEE-ehf], 2) musical themes for each character, 3) multimedia activities that integrate Prokofiev's themes with other areas of the curriculum, 4) Prokofiev's original story that he wrote in 1936, and 5) my follow-up writing prompt and story map/sequence.   So take a couple of minutes to read about Sergei Prokofiev, hear the characters' musical themes, and enjoy reading the classic musical tale, Peter and the Wolf.

Background

Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953) was born in the village of Sontsovka in the Donets region of the Ukraine.  He was a child prodigy on the order of Mozart, composing for piano at age five and writing an opera at nine.  His first teacher was his mother, a talented pianist.  He attended the St. Petersburg Conservatory from 1904 to 1914, winning the Anton Rubinstein prize for best student pianist when he graduated.  He traveled widely, spending many years in London and Paris, and toured the United States five times.

In 1936, Prokofiev returned to settle permanently in the Soviet Union.  One of his first compositions after his return was Peter and the Wolf, written in just two weeks in April of 1936 for a children's theater in Moscow.  Prokofiev invented the story and wrote the narration himself, drawing on memories of his own childhood.  He constructed the music as a child's introduction to the orchestra, with each character in the story represented by a different instrument or group of instruments: Peter by the strings, the bird by the flute, the duck by the oboe, the cat by the clarinet, the wolf by the horn section, and so on.

Peter and the Wolf was an immediate success and has been loved by children all over the world.  The music is sophisticated enough to be enjoyed by adults, even through repeated hearings.  And its moral — you can't be a hero if you don't take risks — delights children as it must have cheered the composer.

Musical Themes

Each character in the story has a musical theme played by different instruments in the orchestra.

The Bird's Theme is played by a Flute.

<A href="http://www.philtulga.com/BIRD.mp3">BIRD.mp3</A>

The Duck's Theme is played by an Oboe.

<A href="http://www.philtulga.com/DUCK.mp3">DUCK.mp3</A>

The Cat's Theme is played by a Clarinet.

<A href="http://www.philtulga.com/CAT.mp3">CAT.mp3</A>

The Grandfather's Theme is played by the Bassoon.

<A href="http://www.philtulga.com/GRAND.mp3">GRAND.mp3</A>

The Wolf's Theme is played by French Horns.

<A href="http://www.philtulga.com/WOLF.mp3">WOLF.mp3</A>

The Hunter's Theme is played by the Timpani Drums.

<A href="http://www.philtulga.com/HUNTERS.mp3">HUNTERS.mp3</A>

And lastly, Peter's Theme is played by the Strings in the orchestra.

<A href="http://www.philtulga.com/PETER.mp3">PETER.mp3</A>

Multimedia Activities - Extensions

See and hear Prokofiev's musical themes played on Phil's free multimedia activities.
Counting Music

Playing Fraction Pies

Prokofiev's Original Story

Early one morning, Peter opened the gate and walked out into the big green meadow.

On a branch of a big tree sat a little bird, Peter's friend. "All is quiet" chirped the bird happily.

Just then a duck came waddling round. She was glad that Peter had not closed the gate and decided to take a nice swim in the deep pond in the meadow.

Seeing the duck, the little bird flew down upon on the grass, settled next to her and shrugged his shoulders. "What kind of bird are you if you can't fly?" said he. To this the duck replied "What kind of bird are you if you can't swim?" and dived into the pond.

They argued and argued, the duck swimming in the pond and the little bird hopping along the shore.

Suddenly, something caught Peter's attention. He noticed a cat crawling through the grass.

The cat thought; "That little bird is busy arguing, I'll just grab him. Stealthily, the cat crept towards him on her velvet paws.

"Look out!" shouted Peter and the bird immediately flew up into the tree, while the duck quacked angrily at the cat, from the middle of the pond. The cat walked around the tree and thought, "Is it worth climbing up so high?  By the time I get there the bird will have flown away."

Just then grandfather came out. He was upset because Peter had gone in the meadow. "It's a dangerous place. If a wolf should come out of the forest, then what would you do?"

But Peter paid no attention to his grandfather's words. Boys like him are not afraid of wolves.

But grandfather took Peter by the hand, led him home and locked the gate.

No sooner had Peter gone, than a big grey wolf came out of the forest.

In a twinkling the cat climbed up the tree. The duck quacked, and in her excitement jumped out of the pond. But no matter how hard the duck tried to run, she couldn't escape the wolf. He was getting nearer, nearer, catching up with her. Then he got her, and with one gulp, swallowed her.

And now, this is how things stood: the cat was sitting on one branch, the bird on another . . . not too close to the cat. And the wolf walked around and around the tree, looking at them with greedy eyes.

In the meantime, Peter, without the slightest fear, stood behind the closed gate watching all that was going on. He ran home, got a strong rope, and climbed up the high stone wall.

One of the branches of the tree, around which the wolf was walking, stretched out over the wall.

Grabbing hold of the branch, Peter lightly climbed over on to the tree. Peter said to the bird: "Fly down and circle over the wolf's head. Only take care that he doesn't catch you."

The bird almost touched the wolf's head with his wings while the wolf snapped angrily at him, from this side and that.

How the bird worried the wolf!  How he wanted to catch him! But the bird was clever, and the wolf simply couldn't do anything about it.

Meanwhile, Peter made a lasso and carefully letting it down, caught the wolf by the tail and pulled with all his might.

Feeling himself caught, the wolf began to jump wildly trying to get loose.

But Peter tied the other end of rope to the tree, and the wolf's jumping only made the rope around his tail tighter.

Just then, the hunters came out of the woods, following the wolf's trail and shooting as they went.

But Peter, sitting in the tree, said: "Don't shoot! Birdie and I have already caught the wolf. Now help us take him to the zoo."

And now, imagine the triumphant procession: Peter at the head; after him the hunters leading the wolf; and winding up the procession, grandfather and the cat.

Grandfather shook his head discontentedly: "Well, and if Peter hadn't caught the wolf?  What then?"

Above them flew Birdie chirping merrily. "My, what brave fellows we are, Peter and I!  Look what we have caught!"

And if one would listen very carefully, he could hear the duck quacking inside the wolf; because the wolf in his hurry, had swallowed her alive.

Writing Prompt and Story Map/Sequence

The story ends with the parade on the way to the zoo.  Students might make the assumption that all of the characters reach the zoo, and the ending is happy and thoroughly uncomplicated.  Yet, Prokofiev chooses to leave the story open-ended, which provides an excellent opportunity to predict what will happen next.  Of particular interest is the problem between the wolf and the duck.  Will the duck ever escape from inside the wolf's stomach?  If so, how?  Will something happen on the way to the zoo?  Will any of the characters even reach the zoo?  All of this uncertainty will serve as inspiration for students to write their own endings.  To assist teachers in coordinating this writing activity, I have created the following Story Map and Sequence. 

Setting: The story takes place in the meadow surrounding Peter’s house.
Characters: Peter, bird, duck, wolf, cat, grandfather & hunters
Main Characters:
Peter, bird, duck & wolf
Problem: A hungry wolf is trying to catch the animals to eat them.
Solution: Peter makes a plan to catch the wolf.  The bird distracts the wolf while Peter slips a rope around the wolf’s tail and catches him. Peter and the hunters take the wolf to the zoo.
Major Events/Sequence:
Beginning:
Peter and his friends (bird and duck) go into the meadow.  The bird and duck play at the pond.  A cat tries to grab the bird but fails.  Grandfather warns Peter about the wolf, takes him home, and locks the gate.

Middle:
As soon as Peter and his grandfather leave, the wolf comes out of the forest.  The wolf catches the duck and swallows her.  The wolf turns his attention to the cat and the bird, who are up in a tree.  Peter watches all of this and makes a plan to capture the wolf.

Ending:
Peter and the bird work together and catch the wolf with a rope.  When the hunters arrive, Peter asks them to help take the wolf to the zoo.  In celebration, everyone parades the wolf towards his new home.  The duck is still alive and can be heard quacking inside the wolf.

 
Copyright 2001-2012 Phil Tulga

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